Egyptian Sphinx
Sky Concepts

Egypt Giza Sphinx

The Sun God Heru or Horus Temple. The Sphinx is the biggest Temple Monument consecrated to a Sun God during the Egyptian Pharaonic Period. Hence, the Sky or Sky’ stage as a most rewarding dwelling place in the afterlife concept.


Table of Content

01: The Sphnx symbolic meaning.

02: The Sphinx as Sky Symbol.



The Sphinx symbolic meaning.

Sphinx Giza

Egyptian Sun God Monument Temple at Giza Plateu.

Although the Sphinx is one of the most sensible points of the Ancient Egyptian legacy that irradiates multiple real and fictitious diverging ideas since ancient time, nonetheless most will agree that Sphinx is a Sky related Symbol.

Since there was not another way to record views, Symbols were used long before writing, to help memorize and explain complex thoughts with easiness, But as well, was possible to endow their understanding with a mysterious veil, covering their actual meaning or the reason that motivated its conceptual form. Because a Lion could represent a Threat or Strenght, whatever, it was something to be aware and respect.

Hence, as they were made to convey and satisfy different ideas, according to the views and concepts of the observer, and understandable why even today there is so much bifurcation in their interpretation.

Furthermore, being astronomy, the science that permitted to know the dates and time to calculate and organize efficiently all the practical actions, like done today with a calendar and a watch. However, during the Fourth Dynasty period, just a few had the privilege to master the Sky’s mechanics, to have the knowledge to precise Dates and Time. Of course, it was knowledge to be guarded jealously, even at the risk of their lives, something that had to keep most secret than a treasure.

However, from the astronomy point of view, as the Lion has the same yellowish to reddish color like the Sun, the way it jumps resembling the Daily Sun’ path. The lion’s strength and the hairs of its mane around its face that resembles the heat and imaginary sun rays that the Sun disk irradiates during the day. Hence, those are questionless factors that gave reason to take the Lions figure as the Sun’s representation.

Sphinx Stele Giza

The Stele between the Sphinxes’ frontal arms shows two images of the Sun God as a Lion each over a Serekh (Temple like a symbol, signifying the pharaoh' ruling rights).

Because there are two Sphinx-like Lion's representations over a Serekh, carved in an arched slab, thus, represents n imaginary entrance. Since those figures likely stand for the Moning and afternoon manifestations of the Sun God Heru or Horus as a sky deity, and because of the Sphinx’ fingers of each hand were made to look like columns. And so, those are symbols which apparently are showing the way or entrance to an individual pretended living stage or Sky’ level that was represented by a Lion.

Therefore, the Sphinx plays the same role than Pyramids do, because even so, that Pyramids suppose to be the Pharaoh’s tomb, there is not evidence that they were made exclusively for that purpose. On the other hand, its rooms distribution and tunnels show that the pyramids positively were made to be used to perform certain ritualistic set ups with the idea to reach different Sky level, as said before. Thus, pyramids can be well-thought as temples since they represent the Sky, the assumed “House of God” at the Time or the pathway to get there, after performing the corresponding ceremonies for the circumstance.

Consequently, as the Sphinx also represent a Sky region or the Sun God itself in a Sky’ place worshiped as a Lion, it should also be considered as The Sun God Heru or Horus Temple or its house as it was said before. Indeed, it is the biggest Temple Monument ever built and consecrated to a Sun God during the Egyptian Pharaonic Period. Most probably Pharaoh Djedefra, son of Khufu or Kheops made the Sphinx, with the purpose to provide the appropriate services for the nobility. However, at the time he did build his pyramid in Abu Rawash, North of Giza, closer to Heliopolis since this Pharaoh also was the High priest of that ancient major Sun Worshiping Center.

Matter of fact, one of the oldest religious center of Ancient Egypt, inhabited for thousand of years as it is part of Cairo up today. Therefore, it is a fact that the Sphinx also shows a high pharaonic shift towards the doctrines of Annu or Lunu “The house of Ra” or Heliopolis (meaning “Sun City” in its Greek name) at that precise historical moment. Although Annu or Heliopolis name may have had many ways to be written, and thus multiple meanings since in hieroglyphs is depicted by a column or pillar and a water jar, as well it also had many other symbolic glyphs such as ears for representing its name.

Sphinx Stele Giza

The Serekh symbol in hieroglyphs I wrote by three letters S, R, Kh and a determinative (a figure indicating what it is).

Being the Serekh the most important symbol present in the slab at the corresponding location of the entrance that makes the Sphinx temple. The Serekh stands for the Pharaoh’ Horus Name one of the five names that the Egyptian monarch had. None the less, it credited the Pharoh to had passed trough rituals concerning the Sky where he was supposed to obtain the Spirit oh Horus, to gain the power and rights to rule Egypt.
Thus, the serekh represented an imaginary temple sowere in the Sky were this magical event could take place.

Its origin comes from pre-dynastic times it was the most important symbol to write the Ruler’ name, long before adding the Cartouche to theirs titulary. Represents a temple façade, or entrance similar to a niche, as its name determinative in Hieroglyphs indicates. Over the façade or temple was placed the Figure of Ra or Horus as a Flacon or Lion, the pharaoh’ primary deity preference, although, the image of God Set, had also occasionally appeared. However, during the New Kingdom, that is when Amon Ra gained importance, the Horus name was maintained, but much of its decorative paraphernalia concerning the Sun’ particular significance faded away.


Sphinx and Temple Giza

Sphinx and its temple in front. Although, this image composed of two photos taken from a different angle, to make more clear its related Serekh concept.

Following the Sun’ path in the Sky, as the Sphinx is in the back of the shrine. Thus, the west side of the Temple, meaning to be accessed after the ceremonies in performed.
However, not being available at that Time the technology to build the sphinx on top of the temple as shown with the lion over the Serekh in the Sphinx Stele. Hence, the afterwards passage could have had an association with the needed upwards motion.

Matter of fact, the same concept related to Obelisk structure. Which, made using a small Pyramidon built on top, over a long rectangular angular shaft that shapes like a column, with the idea, likely to represent a Sunray. Endowed with an imaginary temple-like function or a fantastic way to ascend to Sun’s Sky path into the Zodiac line, thought to be a kind of heavenly Spirit’s dwelling place, in the afterlife.
Therefore, emulating the Altar’, Temple’ or Serekh’ conceptual purposes, which were objects or things done with the idea of carrying ceremonies in concern.


Sphinx Temple  Giza

The temple in front of the Sphinx shows that this monument was made to take the Pyramid’ place. Therefore, it had the same significance, as a way to reach a place in their afterlife Sky’s dwelling concepts.

Since Pyramids shape like Pyramidons, which are astronomy instruments capable of transmitting with their shade the Sun’ Sky movements into a calendar. Thus, were thought to have an imaginary supernatural Skys’ communicating feature.

Because Pyramids have a temple built on the front side and according to this idea, the Sphinx also has a temple in it’s East Side like all pyramids have, showing that the Sphinx constructed had the same mindfulness idea than a Pyramid. For such, this monument had to play the same or very similar role, as an hypothetic entrance or link to the Afterlife World, much like Pyramids thought to have.

Nonetheless, because Pyramids shape like Pyramidons, which are astronomy instruments capable of transmitting with their shade the Sun’ Sky movements into a calendar. Thus, aalso were endowed, with an imaginary supernatural Skys’ communicating feature.

Therefore, it seems that the Sphinx most likely was conceived to be a temple with Sky magical communication system, capable of reaching the Pharaoh's symbolic presence at certain Sky levels in the Afterwards, where the Sun, Moon, and Star’s apparently seems to be a circling us.


The Sphinx as Sky Symbol.

God Khenemu Sky boat Abydos

God Khenemu Barge at Pharaoh’ Seti I Temple Abydos, shows that its resting stool that looks like the Serekh façade, it is either an Altar or Temple. Hence, thought as a way or means to reach the Sky or Heaven.

As it is illustrated at Pharaoh’ Seti I Temple in Abydos, because in the interior of the bench, where the God’s Khenemu barge is resting, are depicted four images of the Pharaoh, apparently lifting the Sky with its hands. Thus, these pharaoh’s images are likely representing the Four Cardinal Points or the four invisible columns that were believed to sustaining the Sky or Heaven.

Furthermore, as all the offerings at one side of the stool have burial implications and on the other end of the bench, the Pharaoh with different Head apparel is carrying out a ritualistic ceremony with the same relevance.
Then, put in evidence that this stool is representing a mean of communication with he Sky, as an afterwards dwelling place.
Thus, for others to reach that place, was decisive and necessary to fit into or become part of the Pharaoh’ spirit.

Therefore, the stool is standing for either an altar or temple capable of heavenly spiritual communications where only the Pharaoh has the access, to integrate his spirit with Gods’ Khenemu essence in the day and night ambiences.

Barge sky relation

Since the bow and stern this boat are are depicted as columns, the boat upside down represents an entry with two columns.

Since the bow and stern this boat are are depicted as columns, the boat upside down represents an entry with two columns that upside down, looks like a bench that usually supports The Sun God Ra as a falcon.

Because the bow and stern of the ancient boat are often drawn as columns. Then, when the barge is turned upside down, presents the arch shape with two columns as the pathway to the Sky.
Moreover, bot view has the Hieroglyph that means Sky on top, which can be interpreted as the doorway to heaven between an Arch and two Columns. Nonetheless, also, should be taken into consideration that as the Hieroglyph for Sky is turned, its significance also changes, from the daylight sky to the night sky.
Indeed, because one of the columns makes a sharper angle on the side that indicates Solar and Lunar or East and West implication of much ritualistic significance at the time.

Also, since the barges are showing a relation to the Sky and transport Ra a deity that represents a specific Sky level, in this case, the Arch and columns or bench are taking the place of the Serekh. For such, the Sun God Ra is represented by a Lion in the Sphinx. Thus, positively is showing that it is a higher sky level than the one that Falcon represents. Which, it is also showing the heaven’ level or function reached by the Pharaoh by passing the required ceremonies, to obtain its ruling name. Accordingly to that in this case, The Barge becomes the most sacred imaginary worshiping element of either an altar, temple or Serekh.

Therefore, and the most important fact of all, is that the boat only represents an imaginary entrance to heaven and not a physical means. Hence, the real reason why it was believed that a vessel was necessary to reach heaven because a symbol was taken as a fact and not a symbolic manifestation of a conceptual idea.

Sphinx Giza

Goddes Hathor jar design concept and the Sphinx front part stand for a Niche as the Sky’s gateway.

Since at Dendera Temple, where Goddess Hathor Face appears over a temple like Jar that likely stands for a Serekh, undoubtedly shows that it is a Sky representation and her appears as ruler of heavens. For such, when seeing the Sphinx from a top view position, shows that the pharaoh' figure and the lion, forearms take the shape of a significant Niche entrance.

A point which makes regard this design also as a Sky access conceptual, as the jar of water and the face of Goddess Hathor are in representation of the Sky's eternal waters. Breaking down this arch configuration, can be seen that the lion’s legs stand for the jambs and the Pharaohs upper body for the lintel. As well, the way the depicting the Pharaoh’s face is depicted, also resemble the Hieroglyphs Cha or Kha, which represent the sun rays behind a mountain, thus, the awakening of the day, a new life, and the East.

Therefore, in previous pictures of the Sphinx Stele, also shows the Sphinx images over a Serekh. Hence, this arch was made to represent the gateway to the Sky or heaven’s upper sphere entrance. The lion’s body shapes, also like the symbol for the West. Thus, its hands and front, stand for the doorway to the Afterlife world.

Sphinx west from the top  Giza

The lion’s body shapes, also like the symbol for the West. Thus, its hands and front, stand for the doorway to the Afterlife world.

Since the Stele shows that the Sphinx crouched over the Serekh also has two, double an opposite significanceS, the Sphinx itself also shows its dual purpose, because it’s body shapes as the Sign for the West, which has an association with Sun God, as it is seen in the figure of Goddess of the West the Moon or and the Night Sun.

Consequently, It also shows that these niches are a double afterlife entrances, a pathway not only to the realm of Ra but as well it stands for the gateway to the Underworld, The Night, The West or the World Below. The entry for both the Soul and Sahu (body) to their eternal dwelling places.

Sphinx Giza

The Sphinx represented a concept of a place somewhere in the Sky Sun’s Domain, reachable in the afterlife through its niche-like doorway.

For that reason, since Temples during the Pharaonic period were not built for preying purposes, but to have access to the use of Celestial Mechanics for measure Time, vital for their organization needs. Hence, to maintain their science in secret, the pertinent facts were endowed with mysterious veils to keep that knowledge away from curious people. Nonetheless, ceremonial performances were done to complement the acts adding seriousness to the thoughts concerning their afterlife beliefs somewhere in the Sky.

Therefore, the Pharaoh’s Headed Lion monument, since It is neither lion nor Pharaoh but a symbolic concept, has to be representing the spirit of all the Pharaohs that ever ruled Egypt in the Sky, most probably covering the Day or Sun’s path, from the Eastern to the Western Horizon.
For such, the Sphinx as well is the representation of a place somewhere in the Sky, believed to be an afterlife living area, only reachable after the Pharaoh’s final departure from this world and meritorious spirits of those thought that will integrate with him afterward. Of course, after performing be appropriate, the supposed magical religious ceremonies carried out in those temples at the time, to make come true those wishful ideas.